عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the main ways of domesticizing technology in oil industry is conditional contract for transfer of technology from international oil companies. However, over the past years the Iranian oil industry has made a little success in this regard and presently in Iranian new petroleum contract (IPC) as an alternative to buy back contracts aims to acquire and transfer modern technologies and localize it by collaboration of international oil companies with domestic companies approved by the National Iranian Oil Company, by making some changes in the type, terms and nature of contract. But what is more important than technology transfer is consideration to the obtained results compared with decisions made on the technology transfer of a contract. Thus, evaluation the risk of technology transfer play a clear and prominent role in the future sustainable development of Iranian oil industry. In this study, in addition to the study on buy back and IPC contracts from technology transfer point of view, the risks of technology transfer are detected in IPC contract and discussed by reviewing experts’ opinions. Next, by using FMEA parameters, identified risks are scored and for each RPN is calculated and finally they are prioritized. The highest priority of risk was given to the negative results of oil engineers and experts separation from the National Iranian Oil Company (RPN=576), followed by the effect of the presence of international oil companies in the destruction of the endogenous growth of national oil industry (RPN=448). Considering the high rate of risk in most identified risks, control measures were presented according to experts’ opinions in order to reduce the level of the risks.